When Narada Was Cursed by Srila Sukadeva Goswami
Prajāpati Daksa, who was very sad at the loss of his sons, begot one thousand more sons in the womb of his wife, Pancajani, and ordered them to increase progeny. These sons, who were named the Savalasvas, also engaged in worshiping Lord Vishnu to beget children, but Narada Muni convinced them to become mendicants and not beget children. Foiled twice in his attempts to increase population, Prajāpati Daksa became most angry at Narada Muni and he almost fainted due to lamentation.
When Daksa met Narada, Daksa’s lips began trembling in anger, and he spoke as follows. When he met Narada, his lips trembled in anger, and in great illusion, Daksa spoke the following deluded words. Alas, Narada Muni, you wear the dress of a saintly person, but you are not actually a saint. Indeed, although I am an ordinary householder [gṛhastha], I am the real saint. By inducing my sons to follow the path of renunciation, you have perpetuated an abominable injustice towards me. These boys were not yet freed from the three debts one inherits at birth. Indeed, they had not properly considered all of their obligations.
O Narada Muni, O person of sinful action, you have obstructed their progress toward good fortune in this world and the next because they are still bound by the three debts, namely debts to the saintly persons, the demigods, and their father. Thus hindering the progress of other living entities and yet claiming to be an associate of Lord Vishnu, you are defaming that Supreme Personality of Godhead. You needlessly created a mentality of renunciation in my innocent boys, and therefore you are shameless and devoid of compassion. How could you possibly be considered among the personal associates of the Supreme Lord? All the devotees of the Lord but you are very kind to the conditioned souls, and always eager to benefit everyone.
Although you wear the dress of a devotee, you create enmity with people who are not your enemies; or you break friendship and create enmity between friends. Are you not ashamed of posing as a devotee while performing these abominable actions? Prajāpati Daksa continued to rant: If you think that simply creating in others a sense of renunciation will detach them from affection to the material world, I must say that unless full knowledge is awakened, simply changing dress as you have done cannot possibly bring detachment. Material enjoyment is certainly the cause of all unhappiness, but one cannot give it up unless he has personally experienced how much suffering it creates.
Therefore, one should be allowed to remain in so-called material enjoyment while simultaneously cultivating knowledge to realize the misery of this false material happiness. Then, without help from others, one will automatically find material enjoyment detestable. Those who are convinced by others do not become as renounced as those who have personal experience. For example, although I live in household life with my wife and children, I honestly follow the Vedic injunctions by engaging in fruitive activities and thus enjoy life without sinful reactions.
I have performed all kinds of sacrifices, including the deva-yajña, ṛṣiyajña, pitṛ-yajña, and nṛ-yajña. Because these yajñas are called vratas [vows], I am known as a gṛhavrata – the upholder of vows. Unfortunately, you have given me much dissatisfaction by needlessly misguiding my sons to follow the path of renunciation. This can be tolerated but one time. You have made me lose my sons once before, and now you have again done the same inauspicious thing. Therefore you are a scoundrel who does not know how to behave toward others. You may travel all over the universe, but I curse you to have no residence anywhere.
Since Narada Muni is a genuine saintly person, when cursed by Prajāpati Daksa he remained composed and simply replied, “tad bāḍham: Yes, what you have said is good. I accept this curse.” He could have cursed Prajāpati Daksa in return, but because he is a tolerant and merciful sādhu, he took no action.
— Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam (Bhāgavata Purāṇa) » Canto 6: Prescribed Duties for Mankind » Chapter 5: Narada Muni Cursed by Prajapati Daksa. Verses: 36-43.