The Mystic Power Of Narada Muni by Srila Sukadeva Goswami
Sri Sukadeva Goswami said: My dear King Pariksit, the great sage Narada, by his mystic power, brought the dead son before all the lamenting relatives and addressed him as follows.O living entity, all good fortune unto you. Just see your father and mother. All your friends and relatives are overwhelmed with grief because of your passing away. You have died untimely, and thus the balance of your lifetime remains. Therefore you may reenter your body and enjoy the remainder of your life, surrounded by your friends and relatives. Accept the royal throne and all the opulence given by your father. By the mystic power of Narada Muni, the living entity re-entered his dead body for a short time and spoke in response to Narada Muni’s request. He said: According to the results of my fruitive activities, I, the living being, transmigrate from one body to another, sometimes going to the species of the demigods, sometimes to the species of lower animals, sometimes among the vegetables, and sometimes to the human species. Therefore, in which birth were these my mother and father? No one is actually my mother and father. How can I accept these two people here as my sole parents?
In this material world, which moves like a river whose currents carry away the living entities, people become friends, relatives and enemies in due course of time. They also act neutrally, they mediate, they despise one another, and they act in many other relationships. Nonetheless, despite these various transactions, no one is actually permanently related. Just as gold and other commodities are continually transferred from one place to another in due course of purchase and sale, so the living entity, as a result of his fruitive activities, wanders throughout the entire universe, being injected into various bodies in different species of life by one kind of father after another. A few living entities are born in the human form, and others are born as animals. Although both are living entities, their relationships are impermanent. An animal may remain in the custody of a human being for some time, and then the same animal may be transferred to the possession of other human being. As soon as the animal goes away, the former proprietor no longer has a sense of ownership. As long as the animal is in his possession he certainly has an affinity for it, but as soon as the animal is sold, that affinity is lost. Even though one living entity becomes connected with another because of a relationship based on the perishable body, the living entity himself is eternal.
Factually speaking, it is the body that is born or lost, not the living entity. One should not accept that the living entity takes birth or dies. The living being actually has no real relationship with his so-called fathers and mothers. As long as he appears as the son of a certain father and mother because of his past fruitive activities, he has a connection with the body given by that father and mother. Thus he falsely accepts himself as their son and acts affectionately. After he dies, however, the relationship is finished.
Under these circumstances, one should not be foolishly obsessed with jubilation and lamentation.
The living entity is eternal and imperishable because in truth he has no beginning and no end. He never takes birth or dies. He is the basic principle of all types of bodies, yet he does not belong to the bodily category. The living being is so sublime that he is one in quality with the Supreme Lord. Nonetheless, because he is extremely small, he is prone to be put into illusion by the external energy, and thus he creates various bodies for himself according to his different desires. For this living entity, no one is dear, nor is anyone actually unfavourable. He makes no distinction between that which is his own and that which belongs to anyone else. He is one without a second; in other words, he is not affected by friends and enemies, well-wishers or mischief-mongers. He is only an observer, a witness, of the different qualities exhibited by men.
The Supreme Lord, the creator of cause and effect, does not accept the happiness and distress that result from fruitive actions. He is completely independent of having to accept a material body, and because He has no material body, He is always neutral. The living entities, being part and parcel of the Lord, possess His qualities in a minute quantity. Therefore one should not be affected by lamentation.
Sri Sukadeva Goswami continued: When the conditioned soul [jiva] in the form of Maharaja Chitraketu’s son had spoken in this way and then left, Chitraketu and the other relatives of the dead son were all astonished. Thus their shackles of false affection for the dead boy were cut. In this way, they gave up their lamentation. After the relatives had discharged their duties by performing the proper funeral ceremonies and burning the dead child’s body, they gave up the affection that leads to illusion, lamentation, fear and pain. Such affection is undoubtedly difficult to give up, but they gave it up very easily.
Queen Krtyadyuti’s co-wives, who had poisoned the child, were very ashamed of their action, and they lost all bodily lustre. While lamenting, O King, they remembered the instructions of Angira and gave up their ambition to bear children. Following the directions of the brāhmaṇas, they went to the bank of the Yamuna, where they bathed and atoned for their sinful activities.
King Chitraketu, thus enlightened by the instructions of the brāhmaṇas Angira and Narada, became fully awake in spiritual knowledge. As an elephant becomes free from a muddy reservoir of water, King Chitraketu came out of the dark well of family life. The King bathed in the water of the Yamuna, and according to prescribed duties, he offered oblations of water to the forefathers and demigods. Very gravely controlling his senses and mind, he then offered his respects and obeisance to the sons of Lord Brahma [Angira and Narada]. Thereafter, being very much pleased with Chitraketu, who was a self-controlled devotee and surrendered soul, Narada, the most powerful sage, spoke to him the following transcendental instructions.
[Narada gave Chitraketu the following mantra.] O Lord, O Supreme Personality of Godhead, who are addressed by the syllable oṁkāra (praṇava), I offer my respectful obeisance unto You. O Lord Vasudeva, I meditate upon You. O Lord Pradyumna, Lord Aniruddha and Lord Sankarsana, I offer You my respectful obeisance. O reservoir of spiritual potency, O supreme bliss, I offer my respectful obeisance unto You, who are self-sufficient and perfectly peaceful. O ultimate truth, one without a second, You are realized as Brahman, Paramatma and Bhagavan and are therefore the reservoir of all knowledge.
I offer my respectful obeisance unto You. Revelling in Your own spiritual bliss, You are always transcendental to the waves of material nature. Therefore, my Lord, I offer my respectful obeisance unto You. Your Lordship is the supreme controller of the senses, and Your expansions of form are unlimited. You are the greatest, and therefore I offer my respectful obeisance unto You. The words and mind of the conditioned soul cannot approach the Supreme Personality of Godhead, for material names and forms are not applicable to Him, who is entirely spiritual, beyond the conception of gross and subtle forms. The impersonal Brahman is another of His forms. May He, by His pleasure, protect all of us.
As pots made entirely of earth are situated on earth after being created and are later transformed into earth again when broken, this cosmic manifestation is caused by the Supreme Brahman, situated in the
Supreme Brahman, and later annihilated and merges with the same Supreme Brahman. Therefore, since the Supreme Lord is the cause of Brahman, let us offer Him our respectful obeisance.
The Supreme Brahman emanates from the Supreme Personality of Godhead and expands like the sky. Although untouched by anything material, it exists within and without. Nonetheless, the mind, intelligence, senses and living force can neither touch Him nor know Him. I offer unto Him my respectful obeisance. As iron has the power to burn when made redhot by the association of fire, so the body, senses, living force, mind and intelligence, although merely lumps of matter, can function when infused with a particle of consciousness by the Supreme Personality of Godhead. As iron cannot burn unless heated by fire, the bodily senses cannot act unless favoured by the Supreme Brahman.
O transcendental Lord, who are situated in the topmost planet of the spiritual world, Your two lotus feet are always massaged by a multitude of the best devotees with their lotus-bud like hands. You are the Supreme Personality of Godhead, complete with all six plenitudes. You are the supreme person mentioned in the Puruṣa-sūkta prayers. You are the most perfect, selfrealized master of all mystic power. Let me offer my respectful obeisance unto You.
Sri Sukadeva Goswami continued: Narada, having become the spiritual master of Chitraketu, instructed him all about this prayer because Chitraketu was fully surrendered. O King Pariksit, Narada then left with the great sage Angira for the topmost planet, known as Brahmaloka. Fasting and drinking only water, Chitraketu chanted with great care and attention the mantra given by Narada Muni for one week continuously. O King Pariksit, after only one week of repeatedly practicing the mantra received from his spiritual master, Chitraketu achieved the position as ruler of the planet of the Vidyadharas as a byproduct of his spiritual advancement and acquired knowledge. Thereafter, by the influence of the mantra that Chitraketu was chanting, within a very few days his mind became increasingly enlightened in spiritual progress, and he attained shelter at the lotus feet of Sri Anantadeva.
Upon reaching the shelter of Lord Sesha, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Chitraketu saw that He was as white as the white fibres of a lotus flower. He was dressed in bluish garments and adorned with a brilliantly glittering helmet, and was adorned with armlets, a waist belt and bangles. His face was smiling, and His eyes were reddish. He was surrounded by such exalted liberated persons as Sanatkumara.
As soon as Maharaja Chitraketu saw the Supreme Lord, he was cleansed of all material contamination and situated in his original Krishna consciousness, due to being completely purified. He became silent and grave, and because of experiencing love for the Lord, tears fell from his eyes, and his hairs stood on end. With great devotion and love, he offered his respectful obeisance unto the original Personality of Godhead. With tears of love and affection, Chitraketu repeatedly moistened the resting place of the Supreme Lord’s lotus feet. Because his voice was choked in ecstasy, for a considerable time he was unable to utter any sound to offer the Lord suitable prayers. Thereafter, by controlling his mind with his intelligence and thus restricting his senses from external engagements, he recovered and spoke suitable words to express his feelings. Maharaja Chitraketu began offering prayers to the Lord, who is the personification of the holy scriptures [the Sātvata-saṁhitās like the Brahmasaṁhitā and the Nārada-pañcarātra and who is the spiritual master of all. He offered his prayers as follows.
Chitraketu said: O unconquerable Lord, although You cannot be conquered by anyone, You are certainly conquered by Your devotees who have control of their mind and senses. They can keep You under their control because You are causelessly merciful to pure devotees who desire no material gain from You. Indeed, You give Yourself to them, and yet You also have full control over Your devotees. My dear Lord, this cosmic manifestation and its creation, maintenance and annihilation are all but a manifestation of Your personal opulence. Since Lord Brahma and the other creators are nothing but small portions of a portion of You, their partial power to create does not make them God. Their consciousness of themselves as separate Lords is therefore merely false prestige. It is not a valid understanding. You exist in the beginning, middle and end of everything, from the most minute particle of the cosmic manifestation – the atom – to the gigantic universes and total material energy. Nonetheless, You are eternal, having no beginning, middle or end. Yet You are perceived to exist in these three phases, and thus You are known as eternal and permanent. When the cosmic manifestation does not exist, You exist as the original unmanifest potency. Every universe is covered by seven layers earth, water, fire, air, sky, the total energy and false ego, each ten times greater than the revious one. There are innumerable universes besides this one, and although they are unimaginably large, they move about like atoms in You. Therefore You are called unlimited [ananta].
O Lord, O Supreme, unintelligent persons who thirst for sense enjoyment and who worship various demigods are no better than animals in the human form of life. Because of their animalistic propensities, they fail to worship Your Lordship, and instead they worship the insignificant demigods, who are but small sparks of Your glory. With the destruction of the entire universe, including the demigods, the benedictions received from the demigods also vanish, just like the nobility when a king is no longer in power. O Supreme Lord, if persons obsessed with material desires for sense gratification through material opulence worship You, who are the source of all knowledge and are transcendental to material qualities, they are not subject to material re-birth, just as sterilized or fried seeds do not produce plants. Living entities are subjected to the repetition of birth and death because they are conditioned by material nature, but since You are transcendental, one who is inclined to associate with You in transcendence escapes the conditions of material nature.
O unconquerable one, when You spoke about bhāgavata-dharma, which is the uncontaminated religious system for achieving the shelter of Your lotus feet, that was Your victory. Persons who have no material desires, like the Kumaras, who are self-satisfied sages, worship You to be liberated from material contamination. In other words, they accept the process of bhāgavata-dharma to achieve shelter at Your lotus feet. Being full of contradictions, all forms of religion but bhāgavata-dharma work under conceptions of fruitive results and distinctions of “you and I” and “yours and mine.” The followers of Śrīmad- Bhāgavatam have no such consciousness. They are all Krishna conscious, thinking that they are Krishna’s and Krishna is theirs. There are other, low-class religious systems, which are contemplated for the killing of enemies or the gain of mystic power, but such religious systems, being full of passion and envy, are impure and temporary. Because they are full of envy, they are an aspect of irreligion. How can a religious system that pro- duces envy of one’s self and of others actually be beneficial for anyone? What is auspicious about following such a system? What is actually to be gained? By causing pain to one’s own self due to self-envy and by causing pain to others, one arouses Your anger and thus certainly practices irreligion. My dear Lord, one’s occupational duty is instructed in Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam and Bhagavad-gītā according to Your point of view, which never deviates from the highest goal of life. Those who follow their occupational duties under Your supervision, being equal to all living entities, moving and non- moving, and not considering high and low, are called Aryans. Such Aryans worship You, the Supreme Personality of Godhead.
My Lord, it is not impossible for one to be immediately freed from all material contamination by seeing You. Not to speak of seeing You personally, merely by hearing the holy name of Your Lordship one time,
even caṇḍālas, men of the lowest class, are freed from all material contamination. Under the circumstances, who will not be freed from material contamination by directly seeing You? Therefore, my dear Lord, my simply seeing You now has wiped away all the contamination of my sinful activities and their results in the form of material attachment and wanton material desires, which formerly always filled my mind and the core of my heart. Whatever is predicted by the great sage Narada Muni cannot be otherwise. In other words, I have obtained Your audience as a result of being trained and blessed by Narada Muni.
O unlimited Supreme Personality of Godhead, whatever a living entity does in this material world is well known to You because You are the Supersoul. In the presence of the sun there is nothing to be revealed by the light of a glow worm. Similarly, because You know everything, in Your presence there is nothing for me to make known. My dear Lord, You are the creator, maintainer and annihilator of this cosmic manifestation, but persons who are too materialistic and who always see separateness from you do not have the vision to see You. They cannot understand Your real position, and therefore they conclude that the cosmic manifestation is independent of Your opulence. My Lord, You are the supreme pure, and You are full in all six plenitudes. Therefore I offer my respectful obeisance unto You. My dear Lord, it is after You endeavour that Lord Brahma, Indra and the other directors of the cosmic manifestation become engaged in their respective activities. It is after You perceive the material energy, My Lord, that the senses begin to perceive. The Supreme Personality of Godhead holds all the universes on His heads like seeds of mustard. I offer my respectful obeisance unto You, that Supreme Personality, who has thousands of hoods.
— Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam » Canto 6: Prescribed Duties for Mankind » Chapter 16: King Chitraketu Meets the Supreme Lord » Verses 1-49.